Mac OS X, Linux, Windows – Which Operating System Works Best For Photographers?

I have been using Mac OS X for years now. When I bought my first Apple computer more that 10 years ago I was amazed how well everything worked. Though in recent years I’m not too happy anymore, which basically started when Apple decided to switch to Intel processors. (My current computer had to be repaired a couple of times – something I never experienced with Apple hardware before!) I have the feeling that there are much more problems and the system itself needs much more resources. I’m especially unhappy with some programs needing a lot of time to just open (and I’m not talking Photoshop here, but programs like Apple’s iWork programs, or their browser Safari). On the other hand, I like Apple, because there are still a lot of creative programs around that do not exist for other platforms and therefore I like to keep true to Mac OS X.

However, when I travel I sometimes end up in little villages where you can not really do anything at night and so I like to work on some photographs that I can also upload here from the road. I mainly used a tablet computer but as you have to use several apps which all save the picture a new, the small hard drive is full very quickly. Also, some apps down-scale the photos, which is okay for the web, but not really if you want to do large prints.

Therefore I recently decided to buy a notebook which I can use for traveling. However, the price for a simple Apple notebook is very high, considering you can find a good laptop for less than a quarter of the price, which also comes with a DVD drive and a card reader.

The notebook I bought came without an operating system and I tried several Linux distributions till I finally decided that Ubuntu works best. It was the only system that seemed to have all the drivers to make full use of the hardware. I also like the graphical interface with makes it really easy to use and the office programs and browsers available all work very well.

A Computer Left On The Beach

However, when I started to try out the software available for processing photographs I was not really happy. The best program probably is Gimp which has some functions similar to Photoshop. However, cropping and masking elements in a photo is not as easy because the tools don’t work as sensitive as in Photoshop. But the lack of sensitivity I noticed all over the program and a lot of photos I tried to process with Gimp I deleted and then started again in Photoshop. Might be that the problem is that I use the advanced features too much and therefore I miss a lot of things and might get used to it over time.

But working with other programs was really disastrous: All the RAW programs available put some brownish colour over all the pictures that I couldn’t get rid of (at least not very quickly) – and the HDR program only produced ridiculous results that all looked much worse that even the high or low exposure pictures.

Windows, on the other had, I only know from work where I don’t really use it to process photographs. Though I know that with my Photoshop license I can install the program on another computer – and due to CreativeCloud I can also install the program on a Windows machine as well. However, switching to Windows would require the additional costs of the license and I’m also a bit worried about the security which is something you don’t really need to worry about on a Mac or a Linux system. (And at work we have technicians that take care of it.)

So, what are your experiences? Which operating system do you use? How does it work for processing photos? Do you think you can get used to Gimp and other Linux programs if you keep using them? Or do you think it is better to switch to Windows for the second computer where you can use photoshop and other programs as well? And, if you use Windows, how do you protect your computer?

reduction_of_content

Postscript:

1. Apple

As some of you mentioned Apple a lot: I usually use Apple computers and have been doing so for nearly 15 years now. When I bought my first Apple I was completely happy with it. I liked the simplicity that focused on the functions you really need. And so, my first two computers were just working – and were doing so very fast.

However, since a couple of years, I have the feeling that the company lost its touch. Some programs have become monsters (especially iTunes), a lot of programs take ages to start (strangely, complex programs like Photoshop work much faster than programs like Safari) and you can never have enough RAM.

Also, the hardware seems less efficient – my first two computers never had any problems as all. My current one I had to have repaired several times already and I still think that some problem was there from the start that could never be found. Also the design wasn’t changed much, except that the products get slimmer and slimmer and therefore cannot have things like DVD drives anymore.

So yes, I don’t really like Apple anymore.

2. Linux (Ubuntu)

When I bought a cheap notebook to have something to take when I’m on the road, I instantly though about running Linux. I tried various distributions, but the one I liked best was Ubuntu. To me, it seemed like they developed their own concept, without trying to imitate either Windows or Mac OS X. I installed the current version including all the drivers and everything was working instantly. The operating system was running fast, as did all the programs I tried. Problem solved, you might think…

…but now!

As much as I liked Ubuntu, as much I hated nearly every program I could find for photographers. Certainly, Gimp is not a bad program, but if you are used to Photoshop and use all the advanced features, you feel really limited. Other software I tried didn’t really do a convincing performance at all.

3. Windows

When Adobe announced their CreativeCloud I was completely against it. However, when I heard that I can run it on two different computers that run different operating systems, I thought I give Windows a go. After installing Windows, I noticed that I still have to install all the divers manually, which really was a lot of work. But finally the computer was up and running. Well, it first downloaded and installed countless updates and I had to wait hours (literally! I didn’t exaggerate here!) till I could use it. A little game that continues to play until you finally find out how to switch off live updates, because setting up Windows is not easy task. There are far too many system settings that are too well hidden. Though all the programs started very quickly, working with them seems more complicated. I have the feeling I always have to click a lot more and also open a lot more programs for one task.

The installation of Photoshop (and Lightroom) worked very well and I’m happy with that. However, on my Mac I use a lot of small programs that do some tasks more quickly that Photoshop and therefore I started to explore some other programs that were out there. However, I didn’t really find anything convincing (here I should mention that I didn’t try commercial programs with a high price, more like smaller programs or plugins).

4. Hardware

A quick word on the hardware: I noticed, that a cheap computer is not really the best choice for editing photos. I especially noticed that the display of graphics is not really good. Though I paid attention to buy a fast computer, I didn’t really bear in mind to take a look at the graphics board and the picture quality of the screen. Though it isn’t a big problem, I would advice you to consider that as well.

5. Conclusion

If you are basically looking for a computer to do some basic stuff, like surfing the internet, writing and some easy creative work, like a little photo editing, I would recommend Ubuntu (or other Linux distributions, if you think they work better for you).

If you like to edit your photos a lot and if you need Photoshop I would recommend Apple. Though it seems to get more and more flawed with the years, you still have the best choice of additional photography software, and for other creative work as well. I also appreciate that you can change things easily in the system settings that help optimize your workflow. (A thing that works well in Linux too, by the way.)

For using Windows, I didn’t really see any advantage (maybe if you are a gamer, but I’m not). Hey, wait, there is one: You don’t want to spend about 1000,- EUR for a notebook, but still would like to use Photoshop.

You certainly might have come to a different conclusion. But that is, how I experienced the three operating systems and their use for photographers.

60 comments

  1. I used Windows for photo works. I understand the history of window’s security issues. I would say Mac also has the share of the issues or it is not a completely safe OS that you can say you do not have to worry about. If you are thinking this in term of a need to use anti-virus on Windows and you do not need one on Mac then I think it is still I agree that you should still need a decent one installed on Windows. But many many people are using Windows and they are not necessary have any problems with it. I think you just need to use common sense and install any decent anti-virus. Microsoft has been stepping up a whole lot more in term of security in their code in the past 10 or so year. As far as I know, they one of the leaders in Secure Development Life Cycle. Microsoft has monthly patches so called “Tuesday patch” that always include security patches.

    My point is that if you should go with Windows for whatever reasons, I think you should not be too worried about these things. Good luck with your decision.

  2. If you plan to change to windows stick to Windows 7 (nr. 8 is a nuisance!!!). But one advise: Stick to Apple. It’s not the processor that causes trouble. It’s the memory. For whatever reason OX 10 needs ‘space’ and if your Apple has shortage of memory you might be in trouble. Ask the supplier to assess your Apple. A bit more RAM and more storage probably helps you to get rid of the problem. 😉

  3. I use the Windows version of Photoshop/Lightroom CC. The wonderful thing about Windows is the vast amount of freeware available – for instance photo.net. The other nice thing about Windows is that is generally much more backwards compatible. I run a version of Pain Shop Pro that I had in 1997. Although rarely used, I also run GimpShop, IrfanView and PhotoPlus free version.

    At one time, perhaps the early 90’s – Macs were better than Windows machines for art/music but these days, I think you get more bang for your buck on the PC side, especially if you know how to take them apart, learn a bit more about the OS and research freeware or cheaper alternatives.

    From my professional experience, most brand loyalty for operating systems is based on two things – what the person learned on and how much stock that person has in owning a “prestige brand.”

  4. I have found that the small inconveniences that sometimes come with upgrades to Linux are SOOOO much easier to deal with the time consuming PITA cleanup that comes with getting a virus. The anti-virus stuff out there is pretty much crap and does almost nothing. Even if it did Microsoft has never cared about security for its customers. It worked with the NSA to gather our data. Their PR people complained briefly but I think we know they aren’t exactly model corporate citizens.

    I didn’t mind Ubuntu but have been running Linux mint lately and I’ve been pretty happy with it. I use gThumb for my photos. Mostly as a storage space but it is nice for small editing jobs like cropping. GIMP is pretty powerful but I agree — it is much more difficult to use than photoshop. You should of course go with whatever system is the best fit for you. The two deciding factors for me was the inconvenience of viruses and my pure hatred of the microsoft business model.

  5. It’s really the applications that dictate what OS I use – Lightroom and the Nik software suite. That said – I use an Apple Mac because of the ease of use. They are expensive though, which will mean a big decision if/when my iMac fails.

  6. I will not help you a lot, but I am on Mac and I really appreciate the easy way to use it. I use LR/PS and Nik software. And for journey, I use LR mobile (on iPad) but it is limited.If I can wait I prefer do it at home on a big screen.
    I am agree with you Apple was better this last year, there is a lot of little bug with Yosemite, but when I use a windows PC , I don’t regret at all my choice.
    Have a nice sunday

  7. I prefer Apple. Even though it’s a larger investment up front, you get a lot of years out of your Apple hardware. I’m willing using a MacBook Pro from 2009 with the Latest Yosemite OS and Adobe CC 2014 software. I also have a Apple G4 Quick Silver desktop I still use for scanning and few other really old apps. I have Apple monitors at work that cost a pretty penny, but many go back to 2000 and they still work great. While I have sent a couple a hundred Acer and other flat screen monitors to recycling because they died at the end of their warranties, the 15 Apple monitors I put out the buck for over the past 15 years are all still in service with no issues. Using Apple at the office has allowed us to keep up with the latest OS’s and software without making hardware upgrades in lean times (business grade Windows computers come out to the same price or higher than Apple). Yes you can get cheaper PCs and notebooks, but I’ve found the Apple products are worth the extra cost for their long useable lifecycles.

    • Another note. We have a Macbook Pro from 2011 that start to have various problems. I don’t buy AppleCare at the office, so there is no warranty on it. I took it to the local Apple store, and Apple has a program for out-of-warranty computers where they refurbished the MacBook Pro for a flat fee of $310 — they ended up putting in a new logic board, processor, new optical drive, speakers and fans for the $310. Given the fact the processor is an i7, we’ll get several more years out of that MacBook for a pittance.

    • I do not have the same experience as Timothy Price, My MacBook Pro (3000$) was broken after 3 years. I almost used it every day. It was the graphics card that was broken. This is due to alternately becoming very hot and then cooling down, some cracks occurred in the solder of the GPU pins. This is probably because everything is put in smaller chassis today, and also reducing the cooling.
      Never had hardware defect on any of my Windows machines, except some broken harddisks en floppy in the early 90’s.

      • My old Macbook also has a problem with the graphics card.
        I’m not really sure what was the matter, but at one point, when I opened Photoshop I always got a message that the graphics card was not loading.

      • We’ve used Macs at the office since 1985. Out of the hundreds of Macs we’ve had over the years, very few have ever needed repairs before they had to be retired. Until recent changes in the OS update schedule, we got 8 to 15 years out of most of our Macs. And while we still have 8 to 10 year old Macs in service (my workstation is from 2008), none of the PC’s we used to have in service ran for more than 5 or 6 years. The exception is our Linux servers (Dell Hardware) that I’ve had running since 2007, but I still have Apple servers and Apple xRAIDs running I installed in 2004. There are always exceptions with all hardware, but from over 30 years of experience with all kinds of hardware in our company and supporting clients’ hardware, as well, I’ve had the least amount of trouble with Apple hardware.

      • Apple usually is good quality.
        With all the firms that produce computers for Windows you never really know what you get. But I know a lot of people who were happy with their windows computer. But I also know people who had bad luck with their Apples.
        I guess in this day and age you never know with electronics.

      • That’s true. There are always a few lemons that come out of most any production line.

  8. Interesting post. I am all Apple but my old IMac desktop is finally succumbing to the new operating systems which are huge hogs. I love my MacBook for traveling. Agree, a big initial investment but they last a long time.

  9. Wow, great comments here! I must agree with many comments that Apple is the way to go. The speed of processing, the sharp quality of the screen and overall quality of the Mac are superior. Occasionally, I do some upgrades or other things to my wife’ or son’s Windows machines. They make me crazy, so slow and clunky.

  10. It isn’t so much a matter of which is best – they are all flawed, but you need to work backwards from which is the worst – a process of elimination. As flawed as Apple has become, for me it is still the best for the way I work – Just as a point of reference, I am IT Director for a publisher, so I have experience with all the systems out there.

  11. As a graphic designer I have a Mac at home, but both a Mac and PC at work. I’ve have the complete CS Suite on both and haven’t noticed much difference between the two, except for video. This screams on the ancient Mac but crawls to 20 to 30 hours to render a small video on the newer PC…

  12. Hello.
    I use Ubuntu Studio 14.04. This version of Ubuntu is ready to work with multimedia.
    The main programs for photography that I use are: Gimp, RawTherapee, gThumb, Luminance HDR, panoramic Hugin, shotwell, …
    Al Gimp will be added scrips and improve their characteristics.
    The Ubuntu Studio has has a live-CD. With live-cd you can test the system without installing.

  13. I have been using Mac for about 15 years now and at work we use PC. My boss who is a PC Guru has since changed to using Mac for all his personal work. I agree with the others that if you plan to use Lightroom,Photoshop,NIK,OnOne, or Topaz best to get a Mac Book and use external drives via thunderbolt/usb to store and back up your photos. You can also find a Mac Book that is one generation back and save a bit of money.

  14. “I think you just need to use common sense and install any decent anti-virus.” <–it is just that simple. Stay away from "iffy" email attachments and websites and you will be fine. I've used PC's my entire life and do not have any issues. They are fast and my workflow is solid. I use Adobe PS and LR with both Nik and Topaz plug-ins. These days, I don't know that a MAC is any more easy to use than PC or anything else. I think it depends on what you are used to or first introduced to. I think MAC's being easier to use is a myth orchestrated by the marketing wizards. All you do these days is click on things. How hard is that?

  15. I am APPLE all the way. Over 10 devices over time. Suddenly I am having Safari issues however. I do not do all the fancy stuff that you do to my photos so I am essentially happy and would never dream of not getting Apple Care for late night questions before I band my head against the wall 🙂

  16. Ima very technology-ignorant (blush)… I hope I understand your questions correctly… I use Windows and the Photoshop CS5, which I use for editing pictures, works ok, I think… but I have never tried other operation systems, so I can’t compare…

    I like the picture though… this is exactly what I’d do with my laptop if I were at the beach now… throw it away lol 🙂

  17. Thank you very much for all your comments.
    I decided to leave a separate comment and not respond to everyone of you individually, because that would mean I have to repeat myself all the time. So I hope you can forgive me.

    Actually, at home I work on a Mac and I’m mainly happy – but I think for traveling, even a refurbished MacBook would be too expensive. There are too many risks involved that it can get stolen or otherwise lost and therefore I think it is better to go with something cheap.
    And I have already bought the laptop and am running Ubuntu now. Basically, I really like Ubuntu, but more professional software for handling photos doesn’t seem to exist. I will probably try to work with Gimp in the next couple of weeks, and if it doesn’t really work out, I will try my luck with windows. But at home, I hope my Mac will make it a couple more years and if I have to upgrade, I will most likely by another Mac for home use. So I’m with most of you, who seem to prefer Macs.

    Thank you as well, to anyone you commented on the picture I included. It actually is a couple of years old, taken in Cyprus on a lovely beach. Sadly, sometimes there is a lot of trash brought over by the sea from the Libanon, Israel and other countries in that area. I assumed that the monitor might have come from the sea as well. Though, on the other hand, it didn’t look like it was in the see very long. Maybe it was thrown overboard from a ship.

    Anyway, thank you all for your comments.
    I will keep you updated how I can find my way around Ubuntu and Gimp.

    Greetings,
    rabirius.

  18. Hi
    My solution to this was to buy a relatively cheap HP laptop and use it as the basis for a Hackintosh machine. So now I run OS-X for all my photography applications (Lightroom and Photoshop) and the laptop also boots Linux Mint and Windows 7 for when I want to run those. I have to say that although I run OS-X and Mint regularly the Windows partition hardly ever get booted!

  19. I started on a Mac Plus in 1985 because it was the only graphic interface out there and I was interested in digital imaging. Back then they were built with all proprietary parts so nothing ever went wrong with them and all Mac software worked seamlessly. This also made them very expensive. Now proprietary parts are gone. They still work great, but Mac or PC you have to have enough RAM and a fast scratch disk to handle large image files. No way around it. You can never be too rich or have too much RAM!

  20. What I absolutely hate about Apple is the nasty little wars they start with other companies we need as photographers such as Adobe, Epson, etc. I also dislike the dumbing down of some of the features in OSX.

    • Well, I bought my fist Apple in 2002. I used to share with designers a while before and fell in love with there Macs – so sometime later, after my computer broke I finally got one and was completely happy. Though, now, I also think there are a few things to criticize and I’m not as happy anymore as I used to be. Nonetheless, after trying Linux and Windows, I still think it’s the best option. But for a computer for traveling I think they are a bit expensive.

      I will post something about my experience with all three operating systems sometime soon.

      Thank you very much for your feedback.

  21. I think you should use what you like but I have run Windows firewall and Avast free antivirus with almost no problems for many years now, so either system can be very safe. The only problems i ever have come from Google wanting to load undesirable extensions.

  22. I left this question alone to start with because it can be an emotive issue with the Apple and MS camps all getting on their war chargers. I use Windows because that’s what I use at work, so it makes little sense to complicate matters by using a different operating system at home. My current home PC is using windows 8.1 and I have had no real issues with it – we adapt to what we use don’t we. For photo processing I used to do everything in Photoshop Elements (currently still using V10) as the cost of CS is prohibitive. For HDR I use Photomatix 5 – I did try one of the other HDR software offerings but Photomatix worked best for me especially as I’m not normally a grunge-merchant (though I may well like their work!). More recently I have been moving away from Elements to Lightroom as I find that the workflow is better for my photography. Elements still has it’s place though so I won’t be getting rid of it! I hope this helps though I’m mindful that our styles of photography are very different. Good Hunting and keep your artistic creations coming – I enjoy them 🙂

    • PS – I use Avira to protect my computer – it’s a solid performer that doesn’t drain the system while it’s operating as much as certain other mainstream anti-virus programs. Interestingly, I’ve just spent three months of intensive patching of servers at work – mainly Linux – as new vulnerabilities have really started coming to light. I suspect that the anti-microsoft lobby blinded the industry to the fact that all operating systems are vulnerable. MS bad – Unix Good was the mantra! Today Linux is just as much under the threat from hackers as Windows is 😦

      • I still need to update the article – though, after trying various Linux versions, I switched to Windows, mainly because I couldn’t really work with the photo software available. From the usability Windows is the one I like the least – I think everything is unnecessarily complicated, whereas Linux and Apple are much better and easy to handle.
        Anyway, I will update the article one day.

        Thank you for your feedback.
        And I will have a look at Photomatrix.

        Greetings,
        rabirius.

  23. If you are still following the comments, you might like to know that I finally added a “postscript” about my experiences with the three operating systems for photographers.

    Greetings,
    rabirius.

  24. On Linux, i do all the photo editing in Darktable and i am very happy with it. It looks like Lightroom and it’s very good at handling RAW files (including FUJI ones 🙂 ) and the software is actively developed.

    P.S. You mentioned GIMP, i don’t use it for photo editing. ^-^

  25. On Linux: Rawtheraphy and Darktable are really great, stable and feature-full. If you play around with Darktable, you might get surprised what kind of results you can achieve. Gimp should be used mostly for “direct pixel management” stuff. Also you can get Aftershot pro from Corel, which is quite cheap and very fast. Also you have lots of really good viewers and collection managers. So if you have got some extra time, not afraid of learning some new technology and do not want to spend too much money (or use pirated software), from my experience Linux is a great choice for semi-professional photography on budget(e.g. South-East Europe).

    Also for video editing…

    • Thank you very much for the tips.
      I still like Linux best as an operating system – however, I’m very used to Photoshop…
      …but I still have my little Linux test installation – and hopefully find something to replace PS.

      Happy New Year to you!

  26. Years ago, I purchased (and fell in love with) the amazing Commodore/Amiga –a Linux-based multi-processor desktop computer. Its data-processing speed, graphics, animations, colors, AND security were unparalleled. Alas, the promise of continued achievements in the creative arts communities by ‘inspired/dedicated’ developers both here and abroad couldn’t be financially realized and the golden history of the Amiga ended.

    I’ve worked on desktop-to-mainframe computers during the beginning years of multitasking graphical-user-interface (GUI) operating systems and, in comparison, nothing (IBM, Microsoft, or Apple) could outperform the Commodore/Amiga in the prime of its historic development.

    Now, the applause or laughter….

    • Well, I mainly lament that we are robbed of our choices when it comes to all kinds of technology. There are always very few leaders that control the market and we are left with less and less choices.

  27. I’m quite unhappy with the state of Mac OS. There was a point probably around snow leopard when Mac OS reached the epitome of how refined an OS can be, but ever since all I can see is lack of direction in post steve era. They are rewriting apps for no apparent reasons and worst of all taking away features from apps that ship with the OS (example disk utility). Every now and again, I come across a task that used to be able to do in an older Mac OS that I cant do anymore because they took out the feature.

    But still, I’ve managed photos using Aperture for years and in the process of moving away to C1 abd possibly other apps.

    Apps is what lock you into the platform. And these apps are the reason I cant move to Linux. Nik, Aperture/C1, Photomatic, On1, Aurora these are all specialized software that can do certain tasks very well. No equivalent on Linux and also the Raw peocessing on linux in my experience has been awful. When I processed raw in linux using darktable or rawtherapee, it was full of noise and lacked DR. Same photo on C1 had way more potential of edits without deterioration.

    • You take the words out of my mouth. I really got unhappy with Mac OS as well. And when I just tried to buy a new notebook I noticed that they have really gotten expensive (especially if you want one of the Pro models) Looking at their current hardware I really have the feeling they want to become some sort of lifestyle company. Therefore I decided to switch to Windows next week. That way I can at least keep Photoshop and some other programs (Aurora, however, sadly has to go…). I would have loved to switch to Linux – but I also noticed that there isn’t really any professional photo software.
      I know that windows is my favorite operating system (I know that from work) – but at least you don’t spend a fortune on a computer.
      Though I’m still somewhat unhappy to let go of a Mac…

  28. I’m working as an ITer, and photography is a passion.

    I have used a MacBook Pro during 3 years. The last year also for Photography. It had bootcamp and parallel desktop installed to run Windows for some essential software that would not work under Mac Os X.

    Today I’m using a Windows Machine (Toshiba Satellite P50t-11D), it has a calibrated 4K 15″ display. The display is way beter then a Retina display on a MacBook Pro. But when I look at the housing, its poor compared to the MacBooks.

    When talking about OSes. Yes I’m very experienced with Windows, but I loved Mac OS X. I never used an Anti Virus, and during 3 years never had any problems. Now in the past 18 months, with an anti virus installed, I already reinstalled my computer 3 times due to malicious software discovered on the laptop.
    Also making a backup of your installed program and settings was really easy (just copy the folder to an other disc)

    Today I’m thinking to profit from both worlds. By installing Mac OS X on my Windows laptop.
    This will give me the same performance, a nice screen for less money with the same advantages of Mac OS X. Except I may have some configuration problems, but that’s a challenge I like as an IT specialist.

    But after al Photoshop, Lightroom, PhotoMatix, Google NIK software all run as wel on Windows as MAC.
    Advantage of a Windows rig is that you can easily upgrade hardware components which keep your configuration performant.

    • It would be great if it would work to run MacOS on a Windows machine.
      I think there even is an installation called Hackintosh – though I heard it is a bit complicated to install as well.

      I’m not a technician – and therefore I think that would be too complicated for me.
      Though gladly I had to use Win for work for ages – and therefore it isn’t that complicated to adopt.

    • No problem.
      After some testing I notice that a Mac is the best choice – but it also is pretty expensive. So Windows will do as well. When it comes to Linux, I really like some of the distributions and I would switch to Linux in a heartbeat, if some software like Photoshop would be available.

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